The need for international technology cooperation is growing due to accelerated
openness and competition from a global perspective, including sale of technologies
for utilization of external ideas and internal technology value, and conversion of NIS
(National Innovation System) into GIS (Global Innovation System) following the
recent spread of the open innovation system.
When considering the present reality that warning signs are flashing in
technologically advanced economies like the USA, Germany, Japan, etc., securing
more extensive and diverse channels through SMEs' global networking can provide
cornerstones to attaining an advantageous position for future international
technology cooperation businesses.
The Ministry of Knowledge Economy's international technology cooperation
support project is classified into parts & materials cooperation businesses and
industrial technology cooperation businesses. Centering on the Korea Institute for
Advancement of Technology (KIAT), international industrial technology cooperation
businesses are being carried out in various forms at the Small & medium Business
Corporation (SBC), Korea Technology and Information Promotion Agency (NIPA),
Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH), Korea-Japan Cooperation
Foundation for Industry and Technology (KJCF), etc.
To enhance the efficiency of its technology cooperation support system and to
provide 'one-stop technology cooperation support service,' KIAT is operating an
international technology cooperation portal, GlobalTech Korea
(http://www.gtonline.or.kr). This site provides comprehensive information on
international technology cooperation programs to strengthen the strategic
achievements and networking of international technology cooperation, while
establishing an online network through information and business links with related
organizations at home and abroad, along with business management.
SBC supports international technology cooperation projects (Korea-Russia and
Korea-Spain) as well as international cooperation between enterprises and
introduction of overseas technology manpower. NIPA also supports SMEs'
international technology cooperation as part of its overseas technology inducement
In addition, Korea Association of Industry, Academy and Research Institute (KAIARI)
also carries out international industry-academia-research institute cooperation tasks.
KITECH's Korea-Eurasia Industrial Technology Cooperation Center, Korea Polytechnic
University's Korea-Russia Technology Cooperation Center and Korea-Israel Industrial
R&D Foundation (KORIL-RDF) also support international technology cooperation
To further stimulate international technology cooperation, however, resolution of
basic problems is urgently required more than anything else. To accomplish this,
several suggestions are forwarded as follows:
First, there is a need to establish policy framework from a national perspective. It is
necessary to establish policy directionality and framework that encompasses
establishment of a clear vision regarding international industrial technology
cooperation, differentiation of programs that consider the characteristics of individual
countries, diversification of programs and establishment of technology transfer
marketing support businesses, establishment of a pan-national network or
cooperation system, an increase in the budget for international industrial technology
Second, securing of expertise regarding international industrial technology
cooperation partner countries and cultivation of experts is required. It is necessary to
nurture 'Technology Transfer Agent' for more active 'Custom-Tailored Consulting by
Country' and to build a unified single window to provide accurate information.
Finally, SMEs' mindset regarding international industrial technology cooperation
should be enhanced. More often than not, SMEs have either experienced only
outflow of technologies due to a lack of capability or suspended international
industrial technology cooperation businesses due to a lack of bilateral trust. SMEs, if
they pursue competitiveness reinforcement and globalization through R&D, will have
to promote international technology cooperation more actively but after more